Sinusitis is a condition that affects the tissue that lines your sinuses. Normally, your sinuses are the passages for air when you breathe, but when they become blocked, bacteria, fungi, allergens and viruses can grow to cause swelling of the tissue and infection. Other air-filled cavities that may be affected by sinusitis are behind the eyebrows and forehead, in the cheeks and behind the nose in front of the brain.
Causes of Sinusitis
Blockage of the sinuses cavities may be caused by:
• A common cold that is caused by viruses and produces swelling and excess mucus
• Nasal polyps that grow on the lining of the nose
• Allergic rhinitis that caused the lining of the nose to swell
• A deviated septum means the cartilage and bone that divides the inside of your nose is crooked, making it difficult to breathe
• Blocked drainage from the nasal passages
• Deficiencies in the immune system
• Certain medications
There are several causes that apply to children such as pacifiers, drinking from a bottle while lying on the back, second-hand cigarette smoke and illness transferred from other children at a day-care center.
Symptoms of Sinusitis
The main symptom of sinusitis is a stuffy nose, especially with a yellow or green discharge. You may feel pressure and even pain around the nose and eyes. In some cases, you can lose your sense of smell. Cough, congestion and runny nose are also common symptoms. More severe symptoms include fever, bad breath, pain in your teeth and gums and unusual fatigue. If you have any of the above symptoms or a combination of several for 12 weeks or more, you may have chronic sinusitis. The surest way to know if you have this chronic condition is to consult with our specialist. Your symptoms will be evaluated and some tests may be done. If you have chronic sinusitis, you may need treatment that is more effective than over-the-counter cold medication.
Common Treatments for Sinusitis
Before starting any treatment, you should consult our specialist to be sure you are not making your sinusitis worse. For example, over-the-counter decongestants can make you more congested if taken too long. If your symptoms last for more than 12 days we may prescribe:
• Corticosteroid nasal spray or drops
• Nasal saline wash
Sinusitis is an unpleasant condition, to say the least. It’s like a common cold 10-times over. If you have any of the above symptoms for more than two weeks, you may have sinusitis. You are not alone. More than 30 million people in the U.S. suffer from the disease. To learn how we can treat this common disease, speak with the professionals at Asthma Allergy Centre in Tigard and Beaverton, OR. Contact us today to schedule your appointment!